Type of InjuriesWhat Is the Injury?Expected Time Out
A/C JOINT SPRAIN/SEPARTION
GRADE IA simple sprain of the acromion-clavicular ligaments. Located in the shoulder.Pain is resolved in about 3 week,
total recovery anywhere between 4-6 weeks.

No surgery needed.

GRADE IIA tear of the acromion clavicular ligaments combined with a sprain of the coraclavicular ligamentsSurgery is not required. Athlete is out 4-6 weeks.
GRADE IIIA complete tear of the acromion clavicular and the coraclavicular ligamentsSurgery is required to repair the ligaments. Athlete is typically out 10-12 weeks.
ACHILLES TENDON RUPTUREThe Achilles tendon that connects the heel (calcaneus) to the calf muscle (gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantaris muscles) is torn. The Achilles tendon helps the athlete run and jump.Surgery is usually required.
Recovery time is typically 6-9 months.
ACL TEAR“ACL” is the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee. Its main job is to stabilize the knee. The “MCL” medial collateral ligament is also typically injured along the the ACL.This is a season ending injury that requires surgery along with extensive rehab.
Full recovery is between 9-12 months.
BICEP TENDON TEARAn athlete with a bicep tendon will lose some strength in their arm. The amount of strength lost is dependent upon if is a partial tear or complete tear.A partial tear will require some rest combined with some rehab.
With a partial tear the athlete should be able to return in 3-4 weeks
A complete tear will require surgery combined with rehabilitation post-surgery. The athlete will be sidelined 3-4 months.
COLLAPESED LUNG (PNEUMOTHORAX) This happens when there is either a tear in the chest wall or in the tissue that covers the lung. This allows air to flow into the space creating a pressure difference that collapses the lung.The athlete is able to begin jogging and simple workouts at around 4 weeks. Full recovery may take up to 8 weeks
CONCUSSIONA concussion is a traumatic injury to the brain that may interfere with the brains ability to function properly.The recovery for a concussion is directly dependent on the severity of the injury.
It can range from returning the next day to being a career ending injury.
HAMSTRING STRAINThis occurs when you pull or strain one of the three muscles that make up your hamstrings (semitendinosus, semimembranosus and biceps femoris). This creates an increase of pain when one is running and/or jumping.These injuries tend to linger and reoccur if it is not taken care of initially.
Grade 1 – 2-4 weeks recovery
Grade 2 – 3-8 weeks recovery
Grade 3 – 10-12 weeks recovery
HERNIATED DISCDiscs are throughout the spine between each vertebrae that act as shock absorbers. When a disc is herniated it protrudes out, and can interfere with the nerve or spinal cord. This can cause numbness, tingling, shooting pains, or even weakness into the arms or legs.Treatment can be done through conservative treatment such as chiropractic and physical therapy. But some require corticosteroid injections and possibly surgery.
The time table to for return to play can range depending on the severity of the athletes injury as well as symptoms. It can range from 1 month to career ending.
HIP POINTER A hip pointer injury is a contusion (bruise) of the iliac crest, pelvis, and hip area.Typically fully recovered in 2-4 weeks as long as injury is not re-aggrevated.
LACERATED KIDNEYUsually caused by a direct blow to the back that causes severe bruising to being ruptured in certain areas of the kidney.2-6 weeks if it is minor and does not require surgery. Surgery is only needed in less than 10% of cases.
LISFRANC FRACTUREA lisfranc fracture is an injury to the bones in the middle of the foot6-8 weeks if surgery is not needed. If surgery is needed then recovery would be 12 weeks to one year to be fully recovered.
MENISCUS TEARA meniscus tear is typically caused by a forceful twisting motion of the knee. The meniscus is protective cartilage that provides a cushion between the femur and tibia4-6 weeks if no surgery is needed
2-4 months if surgery is required
OBLIQUE STRAINYour external and internal oblique muscles are located in the abdomen. Injuries to these muscles can affect an athlete’s balance, strength, and any type of rotational movement.These injuries need to begin treatment immediately due to the common reoccurrence of the injury. It usually takes a total of 6 weeks to fully recover from this injury.
PCL TEAR The “PCL” Posterior Cruciate Ligament is a ligament on the backside of the knee. The PCL controls the back and forth motion of the kneeIf surgery is required it will take 6-12 months to be fully recovered
PECTORALIS MAJOR STRAIN/ TEARThe Pectoralis Major muscle is located in the chest wall and is used to push things using the chest/arms as in a bench press or push-up. Grade 1 recovery takes 3-7 days
Grade 2 recovery approximately 2-6 weeks
Grade 3 complete tears usually require surgery; full recovery 6-9 months following surgery.
If fully torn it is usually season ending.
PLANTAR FASCITIS The rotator cuff is a combination of 4 tendons (supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis) that make up the musculature of the shoulder. A tear of one of these tendons or multiple would be considered a torn rotator cuff. If the torn rotator cuff injury needs surgery one can expect to be out 4-6 months.
SPRAINED ANKLE (HIGH) This is a sprain of the syndesmotic ligaments that connect the two bones of the lower leg (tibia and fibula). These are more serious than a lower ankle sprain Depending on the severity of this injury an athlete may be healed in a few days but I could take up to 6 months.
SPRAINED ANKLE (LOW) Medial- aka eversion ankle sprains are rare and cause damage to the deltoid ligament. The medial ankle sprain may also be associated with a fractured fibula.
Lateral- also known as inversion ankle sprains causes damage to anterior talo-fibular, anterior tibio-fibular, and calcaneo-fibular ligaments.
Grade 1 and 2- Athlete is out 3-8 weeks
TURF TOE This is a sprain of the main ligament of the large toe. Although this sounds minor it can be extremely painful for any athlete that needs to run or jump. The athlete is usually out 6-8 weeks